Microbial Biotechnology

Image Microbial Biotechnology Microbes (or microorganisms) are organisms that are too small to be seen by the unaided eye. The wide variety of microbial habitats reflects an enormous diversity of biochemical and metabolic traits that have arisen by genetic variation and natural selection in microbial populations. Research in the Department of Microbial Biotechnology focusses on microbes of environmental, industrial or clinical relevance.  Our work includes several approaches based on molecular genetics, systems and synthetic biology, genomics, proteomics and metagenomics.... Read More

Pathogenicity

Image Pathogenicity Pathogenicity refers to the ability of an organism to cause disease (ie, harm the host). This ability represents a genetic component of the pathogen and the overt damage done to the host is a property of the host-pathogen interactions. Commensals and opportunistic pathogens lack this inherent ability to cause disease. However, disease is not an inevitable outcome of the host-pathogen interaction and, furthermore, pathogens can express a wide range of virulence. Virulence, a term often used interchangeably with pathogenicity, refers to the degree of patholog... Read More

Antimicrobial Agents

Image An antimicrobial is an agent that kills microorganisms or stops their growth. Antimicrobial medicines can be grouped according to the microorganisms they act primarily against. For example, antibiotics are used against bacteria and antifungals are used against fungi. They can also be classified according to their function. Agents that kill microbes are called microbicidal, while those that merely inhibit their growth are called biostatic. The use of antimicrobial medicines to treat infection is known as antimicrobial chemotherapy, while the use of antimicrobial medicines to... Read More

Determination of Acarbose in Tablets by Attenuated Total Reflectance Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy

Image Attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared (ATR- FTIR) spectroscopy method was developed for the quantitative determination of acarbose in tablets. Two calibration curves were generated. The first calibration curve was based on peak height at 2928.54 cm-1 with correlation coefficient of 0.9987. The second calibration curve was based on peak area which range from 2953.39-2851.04 cm-1 with correlation coefficient of 0.9978. The FTIR method was validated according to International Conference on Harmonization (ICH) guidelines. The method was precise over a range of 40%-100% w/w wit... Read More

Optimized Dextran-Degrading Enzyme Conditions

Image The elimination of various molecular weights of contaminated dextran in sugar processing is quite complicated, especially using enzymatic decomposition. Many factors including enzyme concentration, retention time, pH, temperature, and sucrose concentration affect enzyme hydrolysis. The optimizing conditions of various molecular weights of dextran removal were investigated using response surface methodology. The optimum hydrolyzed conditions of 1,500 µg/mL of all molecular weights of pure dextran from the one-factor-at-a-time (OFAT) experiments were: dextranase (Amano Enzyme Inc., Japa... Read More

Bioremediation

Image Bioremediation Bioremediation is the use of living microorganisms to degrade the environmental contaminants into less toxic forms. It uses naturally occurring bacteria and fungi or plants to degrade or detoxify substances hazardous to human health and/or the environment. The microorganisms may be indigenous to a contaminated area or they may be isolated from elsewhere and brought to the contaminated site. Contaminant compounds are transformed by living organisms through reactions that take place as a part of their metabolic processes. Biodegradation of a compound... Read More

Effect of Spectral LED Lights on Lettuce

Image Journal of Biochemistry & Biotechnology accepting submissions for the upcoming issue. Topics are Cancer, Metabolism & their disorders, Cell biology, Genetic engineering, Bioinformatics, Synthesis of proteins, carbohydrates and lipids and nanotechnology in crop science & treatment. Authors can submit their articles to our online system which helps to submit directly to the editorial management. Research article “The effect... Read More

Microbial Evolution

Image Microbial Evolution   Microbial evolution refers to the genetically driven changes that occur in microorganisms and that are retained over time. Some microbial changes can be in response to a selective pressure. The best examples of this are the various changes that can occur in bacteria in response to the presence of antibiotics. These changes can make an individual bacterium less susceptible or completely resistant to the killing action of one or more antibiotics. Other microbial changes can occur randomly in the absence of any selective pressure. These ... Read More

Microbial Genomics

Image Microbial Genomics   Microbial genomes encompass all chromosomal and extra chromosomal genetic material. The study of genomes as an entity as opposed to individual genetic components is referred to as genomics. Microbial genomes are widely variable and reflect the enormous diversity of bacteria, archaea and lower eukaryotes. Bacterial genomes usually consist of a single circular chromosome, but species with more than one chromosome (eg. Deinococcus radiodurans), linear chromosomes (eg. some Bacillis subtilis ... Read More

The Epizootiology of Pebrine, One of the Great Scourges of Sericulture

Image Journal of Biochemistry & Biotechnology open access journal, mainly focuses on updating and advancing biological science through our high-quality articles which include original research, systematic reviews, meta-analyses, and technical reports which come under the scope of biochemistry and biotechnology. The pathogen of pebrine is transmitted to a host either vertically or horizontally. Vertical transmission may arise in two distinct ways depen... Read More

Bubonic Plague

Image Bubonic Plague   Generally the plague is caused by bacteria. Bubonic plague is one of the plague caused by bacterium Yersinia pestis. Bubonic plague is mainly spread by infected fleas from small animals. It may also result from exposure to the body fluids from a dead plague-infected animal. In the bubonic form of plague, the bacteria enter through the skin through a flea bite and travel via the lymphatic vessels to a lymph node, causing it to swell. Symptoms: After people catch the plague, the symptoms st... Read More

ABOUT ‘MICROBIOLOGY’

Image ABOUT ‘MICROBIOLOGY’   Micro-organisms affect every aspect of life on Earth. Some microbes cause disease but the majority are completely harmless. These minute life forms are essential to the cycling of nutrients in the eco-systems of the planet. We need to understand the role of microbes in global terms, but there are many aspects of our daily lives where knowledge of microbiology can help us answer everyday questions. Since microbes are of such biological, economic and social significance, it is important that microbio... Read More

Advances in Microbiology: Current Research for a Better Tomorrow

Image Advances in Microbiology: Current Research for a Better Tomorrow On behalf of the Journal of Microbiology: Current Research, as Editor-in-Chief, it is my distinct honour and privilege to inform you that, it’s been two long years we have started the Journal, now we are celebrating the 02nd Anniversary and we are privileged to welcome Microbiological Society to our journal. As Editor-In-Chief it is my great pleasure and honour to welcome you to the Journal of Microbiology: Current Research and on this 02nd Anniversary the journal is providing special disc... Read More