Self-Care and Related Factors in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes


Self-Care and Related Factors in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

One of the factors that control the complication of diabetes is patient’s involvement in the treatment process which is effective in improving quality of life as well as reducing health care costs. The aim of this study was to determine self-care behavior and related factors in type 2 diabetic patients referred to the Diabetes Center of Ardabil.

This cross-sectional study was conducted on 382 patients referred to the Diabetes Center of Ardabil, by using a simple random sampling method. Data were collected by utilizing a demographic questionnaire and the Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities questionnaire (SDSCA), which evaluates the status of patients’ self-care during last seven days. Statistical analysis was carried out using SPSS version 16.0 and tests such as: t-test, chi-square and correlation coefficient.

The mean score of self-care was low in 63.6% of patients; it was average in 31.7% of them, and good in 4.7% of diabetics. The mean score of self-care in patients was 44.53 ± 16.7, and the lowest mean score of self-care respectively was related to test blood sugar: 3.6 ± 3.9, regular drug use: 4.9 ± 2.4, and physical activity 5.1 ± 6.5respectively. The maximum mean scores were related to following healthy diet: 16.25 ± 6.4, and foot care: 14.4 ± 8.3. There was a significant relationship between gender and doing blood sugar test (P<0.006), education and self- care (P<0.001), marital status and self- care (P<0.004), income and nutrition (P<0.001).

The majority of diabetic patients had a poor score of self- care. The lowest score of self-care was related to doing blood sugar test, regular drug use and physical activity. For this reason it is recommended that regular educational and model-based interventions should be planned and given at regular intervals for improvement of self- care characteristics in patients with type 2 diabetes.

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Annie Grace Sarah

Editorial Assistant

Asian Journal of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences